Nepal hosts some of the most Glorious natural areas and biodiversity in the world. Home to the highest peak in the world, Nepal also featured 118 ecosystems, 75 categories of vegetation, and 35 types of forest. These resources are increasingly at risk from climate change and environmental issues. Most of the people in Nepal, particularly the rural poor, are directly dependent on natural resources for their survival, and a significant portion of Nepal’s economy comes from climate-sensitive industries like agriculture, forestry, and eco-tourism. More than 60 % of the population of Nepal is involved in agriculture. As a result of both the considerable biodiversity, economic and geographic profile, Nepal is ranked 13th in the world in terms of climate change vulnerability. We are one of the most affected countries in the world by global warming.
Warming in the environment of Nepal is higher than the Global average. Nepal is projected to warm by 1.2 degrees c to 4.2 Degree c by 2080. Climate change is already having a significant impact on Nepal. Snowcapped mountains are becoming Black rocks, Glaciers are Melting.
All of these resulting more than 28 Mammals, 27 Birds, 9 Reptiles, and 7 Plants species are endangered. And the numbers of endangered species are increasing every few years. So we need more research and studies in the climate of Nepal.
Nepal’s Environment is suffering badly from the effects of Global Warming, Agricultural Encroachment, Deforestation, Consequent Soil Erosion, and Contamination of water supply. Air and Water Pollution are significant environmental problems in Nepal, especially in big cities like Kathmandu. According to IQAir Kathmandu topped as the most polluted city in the whole world in March 2021.
Key Messages for the Environment of Nepal: Why do we need More Research in the Environment of Nepal?
- Warming in Nepal is projected to be higher than the global average. By the 2080s, Nepal is projected to warm by 1.2°C–4.2°C, under the highest emission scenario, RCP8.5, as compared to the baseline period 1986–2005. The range in possible temperature rises highlights the significantly lower rates of warming expected on lower 21st-century emissions pathways.
- Rises in maximum and minimum temperatures are expected to be stronger than the rise in average temperature, likely amplifying the pressure on human health, livelihoods, and ecosystems. The temperature increase is expected to be strongest during the winter months.
- Climate change is already having significant impacts on the environment in Nepal, species’ ranges are shifting to higher altitudes, glaciers are melting, and the frequency of precipitation extremes is increasing.
- Natural hazards such as drought, heatwave, river flooding, and glacial lake outburst flooding are all projected to intensify over the 21st century, potentially exacerbating disaster risk levels and putting human life at risk.
- Modeling has suggested that the number of people annually affected by river flooding could more than double by 2030 as a result of climate change. At the same time, the economic impact of river flooding could triple.
- The vulnerability of Nepal’s communities, particularly those living in poverty, in remote areas, and operating subsistence agriculture, increase the risk posed by climate change.
- Some important adaptation approaches, such as air conditioning, irrigation, water storage, and new crop varieties, may be inaccessible to these communities, and even with adaptation, they are likely to experience damage and loss. Without support to the poorest in Nepalese society, inequalities are likely to widen.
Source: ADB Climate Risk Country profile: Nepal)
How do we support you in the Research and Exploration Project?
- Arrange all necessary Paperwork and Documentation
- Get all the Permits and Authorization from the Government
- Experienced team of Local Researchers, Guides, and Support Staff
- We arrange all the necessary equipment hair/buy available in Nepal for your Research
- Provide a professional translator for covering your story. We have fluent speaking Translators who speak various languages. (English, French, Chinese, Spanish, German, Japanese, Hindi, etc.)
- Be the Local representative of your project
- We are the team of destination experts; Team NNTR has good experience of the studies conducted at the remote mountain area and the high altitude.
- Manage all the hotel reservation in the City area and arrange accommodation in the field
- Arrange all the food and drinks during the Research Tour
- Arrange all ground Transportation in Nepal
- Arrange Flight Tickets, Charter flights, Helicopters, or the Rescue flight if needed
- We arrange all the logistics for the customs clearance of the Research and Exploration Equipments.